BIM standard


What is BIM? Who is BIM important for?

Who does it belong to, when the parts of the display are made separately and each is part of a common digital model?

Many questions could be asked regarding BIM technology. I will try to give some reviews and an introduction to the BIM standard and improve them over time. BIM (Building Information Modeling) is a digital representation of a building and its functions based on constantly updated data. This is ensured with a reliable database of BIM elements for all types of projects that is constantly updated and improved. BIM unifies all information about each component of the building. BIM data can be used from the beginning of building planning, during its use (adaptation, reconstruction) and at the end of the cycle until its removal. The BIM model is a virtual reflection of a building in its natural form.

Areas of activity Implementation and development of the scope of BIM in all VDI guidelines relate to the following:

- man

- technology

- processes

- conditions

a) Man Human activity in the BIM system is without a doubt the most important factor in the use and development of BIM standards. Clearly defining responsibilities and roles in this case is one of the most important steps. The VDI Coordination Committee takes into account in particular the following:

- BIM users, persons involved in BIM

- roles and responsibilities

- experience, knowledge and qualifications of BIM users

- partnership

- joint work and communication

b) Technology The BIM technology framework and guidelines should be described in a way that standardizes the following:

- Automation

- BIM-Controling (4-D, 5-D, progress report)

- data exchange - data management

- study of change - visualization

c) Processes BIM is one working method for the realization of construction projects (architecture, construction, installation). Therefore, processes are crucial. The following guidelines must be considered here:

- planning and implementation requirements

- BIM Model - data exchange

- sustainability data management

- information quality assessment (BIM Bodeli)

- security and reliability

d) General conditions In addition to the previously described guidelines, the general conditions are crucial for the successful development of BIM. A balance and compatibility with the existing legal framework (Construction Act, Information Act, Public Procurement Act) must be achieved. The rules apply to:

- tenders

- terms and signs

- property rights

- common standards and formats

- responsibility

- contracts

- certification by the Legislatures

For whom the beam is important BIM technology should be important for anyone who realizes some benefits by using BIM standards and technology. Some of the benefits of BIM are:

- investors and engineers incur lower costs and reduce risk (technical and financial)

- buildings are designed in a safer way - efficiency control reduces running costs

- Better insight into the building leads to better decisions

- more precise determination of construction costs

- better compliance with legislation which requires cost reduction

- reduced costs and risk of subcontracting Investors with access to BIM have a better insight into the life cycle of a building and the maintenance of the building from small details to larger parts or the entire building.

For architects, engineers and experts from various fields involved in the construction process and whose activities achieve different processes, the BIM standard provides "business process reengineering". Business process reengineering is performed to the satisfaction of all participants involved in the construction process. Old business processes no longer meet the modern requirements (technical and economic) of a building. The possibility of using IT networks and the possibility of computer mobility is somewhat but surely squeezing out of the construction site, construction books, construction logs and protocols kept on paper. BIM standards include the standards of various organizations, which communicate with each other, encouraged by pressure from investors, public institutions to improve efficiency in almost every commercial and public activity that includes the built environment. Their requirements include planning, designing, building, managing, renovating, dismantling and ultimately demolishing buildings, bridges, power plants, airports, highways, fuel depots, refineries and ports. Given the above possibilities, it can be assumed that BIM standards will save billions of dollars and improve the quality of life.

According to some authors, the BIM standard today can be called 8D modeling because it includes:

- 2D: 2-dimensional view

- 3D: 3-dimensional view

- 4D: + cost estimation

- 5D: + planning

- 6D: + control

- 7D: + sustainability

- 8D: + occupational safety and health

The future of the construction industry is digital communication, and BIM is the future of design and long-term facility management. Hardware, software and applications announce a greater ability to process increasing amounts of raw data and information, the use of BIM will become more pronounced day by day.

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